The Middle English Dictionary identifies the word seurgate ("sewer-gate") in a 1403 text, and, soon after that, other sources show souer, seuer, and finally sewer emerging to describe channels for carrying away waste and drainage. All of this comes from the Anglo-French word sewere, which is from Old French sewiere or seuwiere. That's thought to be a pretty mangled borrowing from the unattested Gallo-Roman word exaquaria, which meant something more like "drain". The Latin roots there are glaringly obvious (and present in multiple English words): ex-, meaning "out", and aquarius, "pertaining to water" - so water is flowing outwards. Ex- is from Proto-Indo-European eghs, also "out", and aqua derives, through Proto-Italic akwa, from another PIE reconstruction, hekweh, which still meant "water".
Hello! I'm Adam Aleksic. This year, I graduated from Harvard University with a degree in Government and Linguistics. There, I co-founded the Harvard Undergraduate Linguistics Society and wrote a thesis on Serbo-Croatian language policy, magna cum laude. In addition to etymology, I also really enjoy philosophy, trivia, vexillology, geography, board games, conlanging, art history, and law.