Galatia was a Roman province in central Anatolia, and a general term for the region until Muslims conquered the area in the ninth century. Its name comes from the Greek word for "Gaul" because it was settled by a group of Gauls around 200 BCE. I thought it was really interesting that they had settled that far southeast, but apparently they were doing a lot of migration around that time period, with groups also sacking Rome and pillaging parts of Greece before one tribe got enticed into Asia Minor for some mercenary work and decided to settle. There's also a region called Galicia just north of Portugal; that's named after the Roman province of Gallaecia, which was also named after the Gauls because another tribe had established themselves in the area.
Hello! I'm Adam Aleksic, a sophomore studying government and linguistics at Harvard University, where I co-founded the Harvard Undergraduate Linguistics Society. In addition to etymology, I also really enjoy politics, vexillology, geography, board games, conlanging, and law.