Chakra is the concept in Hinduism and Buddhism that there are various focal points in your body where energy is concentrated. The word comes from Sanskrit cakra, which meant "wheel", because it was implied that chakra was a "wheel of dharma" or "wheel of time" in various sources. Through Proto-Indo-Iranian, cakra further derives from the Proto-Indo-European root keklos, which could mean "wheel" or "circle". Keklos also became the Ancient Greek word kyklos, which became Latin cyclus, which became cycle; and the Proto-Germanic word hwewlaz, which became Old English hweol, which became Modern English wheel. It's pretty crazy that those words, which all seem so different, are connected by only several millenia of change, which isn't that much on a larger time scale of things.
11/13/2019 04:37:36 am
Is there any connection to Slavonic kolo (wheel) or kruh (circle)?
11/14/2019 02:07:00 am
The Proto-Indo-European root I mentioned in the blog post goes further back to *kʷel-, which meant "to turn". "Kolo" also comes from that but "kruh"/"krug" traces to *(s)ker-, meaning "cut off".
11/14/2019 10:40:32 am
Thanks for the explanation!
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Hello! I'm Adam Aleksic, a senior studying government and linguistics at Harvard University, where I co-founded the Harvard Undergraduate Linguistics Society. In addition to etymology, I also really enjoy trivia, politics, vexillology, geography, board games, conlanging, art history, and law.