BEFORE THE TEMPLE
The word profane precedes the word profanity by over a hundred years. It was first used in a 1450 philological journal, where it was spelled prophane. Other spellings since then have included prophain, prophaine, prophan, profeaine, profaine, profan, progayne, and more. Through Old French, the term was borrowed from Latin profanus, which meant "unclean" but also had the more literal definitions of "unholy" or "not religious" (because who doesn't love bashing atheists?). That's composed of the prefix pro-, meaning "before", and fanum, "temple"; the idea was that profane people should not be admitted into temples with more holy worshippers. Pro traces to Proto-Indo-European per, also "before", and fanum (also the root of fanatic) is from PIE dhes, which was used to form religious words.
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Hello! I'm Adam Aleksic. This year, I graduated from Harvard University with a degree in Government and Linguistics. There, I co-founded the Harvard Undergraduate Linguistics Society and wrote a thesis on Serbo-Croatian language policy, magna cum laude. In addition to etymology, I also really enjoy trivia, politics, vexillology, geography, board games, conlanging, art history, and law.